Structure of cycles in minimal strong digraphs

Miguel Arcos-Argudo, Jesús García-López, Luis M. Pozo-Coronado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This work shows a study about the structure of the cycles contained in a Minimal Strong Digraph (MSD). The structure of a given cycle is determined by the strongly connected components (or strong components, SCs)that appear after suppressing the arcs of the cycle. By this process and by the contraction of all SCs into single vertices we obtain a Hasse diagram from the MSD. Among other properties, we show that any SC conformed by more than one vertex (non trivial SC)has at least one linear vertex (a vertex with indegree and outdegree equal to 1)in the MSD (Theorem 1); that in the Hasse diagram at least one linear vertex exists for each non trivial maximal (resp. minimal)vertex (Theorem 2); that if an SC contains a number λ of vertices of the cycle then it contains at least λ linear vertices in the MSD (Theorem 3); and, finally, that given a cycle of length q contained in the MSD, the number α of linear vertices contained in the MSD satisfies α≥⌊(q+1)∕2⌋ (Theorem 4).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-41
Number of pages7
JournalDiscrete Applied Mathematics
StatePublished - 30 Jun 2019


  • Linear vertex
  • Minimal strong digraphs
  • Strong component
  • Structure of the cycles


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