Psychometric study of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI-SS) in the Ecuadorian university context

Marcos Zumárraga-Espinosa, Gabriela Cevallos-Pozo

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The present instrumental study examines the psychometric properties of the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Student Survey (MBI-SS) in a sample of 361 undergraduate psychology students at a private Ecuadorian university, Quito campus. Data collection was carried out virtually during the confinement phase due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Based on a reduced version of 14 items of the MBI-SS, the main results of the validation process are the following: a) the three-factor model (burnout, cynicism and academic inefficacy) presents a satisfactory fit to the data; b) all subscales of the instrument have good levels of reliability; c) the subscales of the MBI-SS are negatively correlated with the variable study satisfaction, providing evidence of nomological validity; and d) the MBI-SS has strong factorial invariance regarding to the sex of the students. As a whole, the collection of validity evidence allows us to conclude that the MBI-SS, considering the established measurement model, is a valid, useful and reliable instrument to measure and evaluate academic burnout within the Ecuadorian university context.

Translated title of the contributionEstudio psicométrico del Inventario de Burnout Académico de Maslach (MBI-SS) en el contexto universitario ecuatoriano
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-87
Number of pages10
JournalAnsiedad y Estres
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Sociedad Española para el Estudio de la Ansiedad y el Estrés - SEAS. Colegio de la Psicología de Madrid. Todos los derechos reservados.


  • Academic burnout
  • Ecuador
  • Factor structure
  • Psychometrics
  • University
  • Validity


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