Road safety perception questionnaire (RSPQ) in Latin America: A development and validation study

Fabricio Esteban Espinoza Molina, Blanca Del Valle Arenas Ramirez, Francisco Aparicio Izquierdo, Diana Carolina Zúñiga Ortega

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Background: Although public bodies need to know drivers’ perception of road safety, in Latin America there are no valid and reliable instruments that propose an integral dimensionality. The objective of this study was to design and validate a Road Safety Perception Questionnaire (RSPQ). Methodology: The design included a review of the available evidence and expert knowledge to select the dimensional items for the instrument. A pilot test was carried out to determine possible corrections and adjustments to the questionnaire, after which a Confirmatory Factor Analysis was performed on a stratified sample of 736 Ecuadorian drivers to determine its reliability and construct validity. Results: The results suggest that the RSPQ has a clear factorial structure with high factorial weight items and good internal consistency. The results of the 41-item model grouped into six di-mensions (human, vehicle, road infrastructure, regulatory framework and intervention measures, socioeconomic and driving precautions) obtained the best adjustment indexes at the absolute, in-cremental and parsimonious levels. Conclusions: The preliminary RSPQ evidence can be considered a valid and reliable instrument to assess drivers’ perception of road safety.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2433
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
No specific funding was obtained for this study. We would like to thank all the participants who took the time to complete the validation study, as well as the panel of experts and the development team affiliated with the Universidad Polit?cnica Salesiana and the Universidad Polit?cnica de Madrid.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Drivers’ behaviors
  • Questionnaire validation
  • Road safety
  • Road safety perception


Dive into the research topics of 'Road safety perception questionnaire (RSPQ) in Latin America: A development and validation study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this