Neutron dosimetry and shielding verification in commissioning of Compact Proton Therapy Centers (CPTC) using MCNP6.2 Monte Carlo code

Gonzalo F. Garcia-Fernandez, Eduardo Gallego, Jose M. Gomez-Ros, Hector R. Vega-Carrillo, Roberto Garcia-Baonza, Lenin E. Cevallos-Robalino, Karen A. Guzman-Garcia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Proton therapy (PT) is an external radiotherapy using proton beams with energies between 70 and 230 MeV to treat some type of tumours with outstanding benefits, due to its energy transfer plot. There is a growing demand of facilities taking up small spaces and Compact Proton Therapy Centers (CPTC), with one or two treatment rooms, supposing the technical response of manufacturers to this request. A large amount of stray radiation is produced in the interaction of protons used in therapy, neutrons mainly, hence, optimal design of shielding and verifications must be carried out in commissioning stages. Currently, almost 50 CPTC are under construction and start up in many countries, including several in Spain. In the present work, the effectiveness of shielding in a CPTC was verified with the Monte Carlo code MCNP6 by calculating the ambient dose equivalent, H*(10) due to secondary neutrons, outside the enclosures and walls of the center. The facility modelled was similar to one planned to start operating in 2019 in Spain, a CPTC, made up of a superconducting synchrocyclotron and one treatment room, with a configuration standard, shielding and width of barriers based on dimensions proposed a priori by the vendor. Therefore, the paper is focused in check the suitability of the materials and thickness of the walls of the center and develop the assessment of enclosures. Several models of the radiation sources and type of concrete in walls were simulated, starting from a conservative assumptions, followed by more realistic models. In all cases, the results were below 1 mSv/year, which is the international legal limit considered for the general public. This work is part of the project Contributions to Shielding and Dosimetry of Neutrons in Compact Proton Therapy Centers (CPTC).

Original languageEnglish
Article number109279
JournalApplied Radiation and Isotopes
Volume169
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work has been developed under the industrial Doctorate Program IND2017/AMB-7797, Contributions to Shielding and Dosimetry of Neutrons in CPTC, funded by Madrid Autonomous Region (CM).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • Ambient dose equivalent
  • Compact proton therapy centers
  • MCNP6.2
  • Operational radiation protection
  • Shielding commissioning

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