Monte Carlo characterization and benchmarking of extended range REM meters for its application in shielding and radiation area monitoring in Compact Proton Therapy Centers (CPTC)

Gonzalo F. García-Fernández, Lenin E. Cevallos-Robalino, Roberto García-Baonza, Eduardo Gallego, Héctor R. Vega-Carrillo, Karen A. Guzman-García, Alfredo Lorente, Sviatoslav Ibáñez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Compact Proton Therapy Centers, CPTC, have a single treatment room, and are technologically more affordable, smaller, advanced and easier to use. From a radiological protection point of view, the leading concern in CPTC are interactions of protons with components of the facility and patients that yield a broad emission of secondary particles, mainly high-energy neutrons, up to 230 MeV, and photons. Optimal design of shielding involves theoretical assumptions in the design phase and, consequently, experimental measurements with extended range neutron detectors must be carried out in the facility during the commissioning period to verify the design, assumptions and building of the enclosures. There are almost 50 CPTC under construction and planning around the world, hence the improvement of methodologies to verify the shielding and to evaluate the dose to workers and general public in CPTC is a trending issue. The aim of this work was to evaluate and compare the response of two commercial extended range REM meters, WENDI-II and LUPIN-II, for their application in shielding verification and radiation area monitoring in CPTC facilities, by estimating the ambient dose equivalent, H*(10), through the Monte Carlo code MCNP6. The results have been compared with previous works. Likewise, the performance evaluation of these devices in continuous energy neutron field have been carried out, using the AmBe/241 neutron source of the Neutronics Hall (NH) of the Neutron Measurements Laboratory of the Energy Engineering Department of Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (LMN-UPM), through Monte Carlo simulation with the MCNP6 code and experimental measurements. The work is framed into the project Contributions to Shielding and Dosimetry of Neutrons in CPTC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-126
Number of pages12
JournalApplied Radiation and Isotopes
Volume152
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ambient dose equivalent
  • Compact proton therapy centers
  • LUPIN-II
  • MCNP6
  • Proton therapy
  • WENDI-II

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