Enhancing anomaly detection in electrical consumption profiles through computational intelligence

Santiago Felipe Luna-Romero, Xavier Serrano-Guerrero, Mauren Abreu de Souza, Guillermo Escrivá-Escrivà

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The advancement of society and the raising of people's standards of living depend heavily on electricity in today's world. The “zero energy buildings” idea, which recommends that buildings become self-sufficient in renewable energy to prevent the emission of CO2 into the environment, is now one of the most significant initiatives connected to building energy efficiency. This article describes a computational intelligence method to detect anomalous variations in a facility's energy use and infer a potential cause of such changes. The model is built using five sets of historical power consumption data from three buildings spread across four nations (Ecuador, Spain, France, and Canada), which are categorized based on the anomaly type each piece of data represents. Through a statistical study of the confidence interval, the proposed method, first determines the consumption patterns for each day of the week in each of the building's data sets. After normalizing the day to be studied toward its “Z” value, it is then cataloged using a machine learning model. The proposed method is evaluated in comparison to a purely statistical method called SAEEC methodology and it is discovered that the proposed method offers a relative improvement in accuracy, false positive rate (FPR), and false negative rate (FNR) of 12.41%, 42, 36%, and 42.45%, respectively, for the detection of atypical values in electrical energy consumption.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)951-962
Number of pages12
JournalEnergy Reports
StatePublished - Jun 2024

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  • Anomaly detection
  • Building energy efficiency
  • Computational intelligence method
  • Electrical energy consumption
  • Energy consumption patterns
  • Zero energy buildings


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