It was considered that electronic voting is revolutionary around the world because of the new technological trends that are improving over time with their security and privacy in the different voting platforms; this problem is notable in all underdeveloped countries. The objective is to analyze and determine a cryptographic system to improve the security with efficiency and effectiveness in the electoral processes at the moment of paying and having a vote count, maintaining the transparency and integrity of the data. The deductive method was used to analyze the different cryptographic algorithms used in electronic votes that provide greater knowledge in the new trends of electronic votes. It was determined the operation of the Smartmatic that allows to identify the methods when making the electronic votes around the world, each of these systems implements an exclusive security for their voting systems, so that the voter carries out the action of paying and this vote is keep intact and transparent for the system and for the general public, achieving high reliability and integrity of the data, in addition a change in society will be noted, promoting democracy and honesty. It was concluded that electronic votes show a high level of trust, although this depends on the age and education of the voter who must have some knowledge in the field of computer science, this refers to the elderly who in many cases Sometimes they do not have the comfort and adequate confidence. This system can be an alternative to implement electronic voting in Ecuador to improve democracy.