An Adaptive Strategy for Medium-Term Electricity Consumption Forecasting for Highly Unpredictable Scenarios: Case Study Quito, Ecuador during the Two First Years of COVID-19

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Abstract

This research focuses its efforts on the prediction of medium-term electricity consumption for scenarios of highly variable electricity demand. Numerous approaches are used to predict electricity demand, among which the use of time series (ARMA, ARIMA) and the use of machine learning techniques, such as artificial neural networks, are the most covered in the literature review. All these approaches evaluate the prediction error when comparing the generated models with the data that fed the model, but they do not compare these values with the actual data of electricity demand once these are obtained, in addition, these techniques present high error values when there are unexpected changes in the trend of electricity consumption. This work proposes a methodology to generate an adaptive model for unexpected changes in electricity demand through the use of optimization in conjunction with (Formula presented.) time series. The proposed case study is the electricity consumption in Quito, Ecuador to predict the electricity demand in the years 2019 and 2020, which are particularly challenging due to atypical electricity consumption attributed to COVID-19. The results show that the proposed model is capable of following the trend of electricity demand, adapting itself to sudden changes and obtaining an average error of 2.5% which is lower than the average error of 5.43% when using a non-adaptive approach (more than 50% or error improvement).

Original languageEnglish
Article number8380
JournalEnergies
Volume15
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by Universidad Politécnica Salesiana and GIREI—Smart Grid Research Group under the project Forecast of electricity demand in the short and medium term using time series techniques and optimization heuristics.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors.

Keywords

  • adaptive models
  • demand forecasting
  • load forecasting
  • medium term forecasting
  • optimization techniques
  • power demand
  • time series analysis

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