Over the last few years, the use of remote sensing data in different applications such as estimation of air pollution concentration and health applications has become very popular and new. Thus, some studies have established a possible relationship between environmental variables and respiratory health parameters. This study proposes to estimate the prevalence of Chronic Respiratory Diseases, where there is a relationship between remote sensing data (Landsat 8) and environmental variables (air pollution and meteorological data) to determine the number of hospital discharges of patients with chronic respiratory diseases in Quito, Ecuador, between 2013 and 2017. The main objective of this study is to establish and evaluate an alternative LUR model that is capable of estimate the prevalence of chronic respiratory diseases, in contrast with traditional LUR models, which typically assess air pollutants. Moreover, this study also evaluates different analytic techniques (multiple linear regression, multilayer perceptron, support vector regression, and random forest regression) that often form the basis of spatial models. The results show that machine learning techniques, such as support vector machine, are the most effective in computing such models, presenting the lowest root-mean-square error (RMSE). Additionally, in this study, we show that the most significant remote sensing predictors are the blue and infrared bands. Our proposed model is a spatial modeling approach that is capable of determining the prevalence of chronic respiratory diseases in the city of Quito, which can serve as a useful tool for health authorities in policy- and decision-making.
Nota bibliográficaFunding Information:
The study is part of a PhD thesis in surveying engineering at the University of Porto , Portugal, supported by the Salesian Polytechnic University, Ecuador. This work was supervised at the University of Porto by Prof. Ana Cláudia Teodoro.
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