Harmonic Analysis of the Relationship between GNSS Precipitable Water Vapor and Heavy Rainfall over the Northwest Equatorial Coast, Andes, and Amazon Regions

Sheila Serrano-Vincenti, Thomas Condom, Lenin Campozano, León A. Escobar, Andrea Walpersdorf, David Carchipulla-Morales, Marcos Villacís

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Resumen

This study finds the relationship between increases in precipitable water vapor (PWV), and intense rainfall events in four different climatological regions of South America’s equatorial northwest: the coast, Andes valley, high mountains, and Amazon. First, the PWV was derived from tropospheric zenith delay measured by Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) instrumentation located near meteorological stations within the regions of interest using hourly data from the year 2014. A harmonic analysis approach through continuous wavelet cross-spectrum and coherence, as well as discrete wavelets, was used to determine a measure of the lags found between PWV and specific heavy rain events and then compared with satellite IR images and meteorological anomalies. The link between PWV peaks and rainfall was the most evident on the coast, and less discernible in the other stations possibly due to local dynamic factors. The results showed a lag of 11 h between the preceding PWV increase and an intense rainfall event. This was apparent in all of the stations, except in Amazon where it was 6 h, with the highest precision at the coast and with the largest dispersion in the high mountains. The interpretation of this lag for each region is also discussed.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo1809
PublicaciónATMOSPHERE
Volumen13
N.º11
DOI
EstadoPublicada - nov. 2022

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