Routing Protocols Implementation for WSN Using Optimal Dimensioning

Jordi Castel Tapia, Juan Inga

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


In a wireless sensor network (WSN), achieving efficient transmission in terms of energy consumption while guaranteeing low packet loss with the highest data transmission rate requires adequate processing in the analysis and calculation of the best routes to send the information from a source node to the data aggregation point. On the other hand, the optimal sizing of a network seeks that the physical resources of the technologies used in wireless sensor networks can not only reduce implementation costs by considering, for example, capacity and coverage constraints but also seeks to ensure the connectivity of the nodes and the correct operation of the network. Thus, this work aims to show through practical implementation, that the optimal planning and deployment of a wireless sensor network influence the routing protocols in this type of network since the correct location of the data concentrator nodes would allow optimizing the links between nodes so that the latency and packet loss rate is reduced. Routing algorithms such as LEACH and PEGASIS are considered as well as the implementation of routing based on the solution of the minimum spanning tree optimization problem using Dijkstra or PRIM. The implementation and evaluation are applied with ZigBee which allows the deployment of multiple network topologies for WSNs in a fast and flexible way.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSmart Technologies, Systems and Applications - 3rd International Conference, SmartTech-IC 2022, Revised Selected Papers
EditorsFabián R. Narváez, Fernando Urgilés, Juan Pablo Salgado-Guerrero, Teodiano Freire Bastos-Filho
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages18
ISBN (Print)9783031322129
StatePublished - 2023
Event3rd International Conference on Smart Technologies, Systems and Applications, SmartTech-IC 2022 - Cuenca, Ecuador
Duration: 16 Nov 202218 Nov 2022

Publication series

NameCommunications in Computer and Information Science
Volume1705 CCIS
ISSN (Print)1865-0929
ISSN (Electronic)1865-0937


Conference3rd International Conference on Smart Technologies, Systems and Applications, SmartTech-IC 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.


  • Optimization
  • Routing
  • Wireless Sensor Network
  • ZigBee


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