Rolling element bearing defect detection using the generalized synchrosqueezing transform guided by time-frequency ridge enhancement

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Abstract

© 2015 ISA. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Healthy rolling element bearings are vital guarantees for safe operation of the rotating machinery. Time-frequency (TF) signal analysis is an effective tool to detect bearing defects under time-varying shaft speed condition. However, it is a challenging work dealing with defective characteristic frequency and rotation frequency simultaneously without a tachometer. For this reason, a technique using the generalized synchrosqueezing transform (GST) guided by enhanced TF ridge extraction is suggested to detect the existence of the bearing defects. The low frequency band and the resonance band are first chopped from the Fourier spectrum of the bearing vibration measurements. The TF information of the lower band component and the resonance band envelope are represented using short-time Fourier transform, where the TF ridge are extracted by harmonic summation search and ridge candidate fusion operations. The inverse of the extracted TF ridge is subsequently used to guide the GST mapping the chirped TF representation to the constant one. The rectified TF pictures are then synchrosqueezed as sharper spectra where the rotation frequency and the defective characteristic frequency can be identified, respectively. Both simulated and experimental signals were used to evaluate the present technique. The results validate the effectiveness of the suggested technique for the bearing defect detection.
Translated title of the contributionDetección de defectos en rodamientos de elementos rodantes utilizando la transformación de compresión sincronizada generalizada guiada por la mejora de las crestas de frecuencia temporal.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)274-284
Number of pages11
JournalISA Transactions
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2016

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