Recommender systems clustering using Bayesian non negative matrix factorization

Jesús Bobadilla, Rodolfo Bojorque, Antonio Hernando Esteban, Remigio Hurtado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


© 2013 IEEE. Recommender Systems present a high-level of sparsity in their ratings matrices. The collaborative filtering sparse data makes it difficult to: 1) compare elements using memory-based solutions; 2) obtain precise models using model-based solutions; 3) get accurate predictions; and 4) properly cluster elements. We propose the use of a Bayesian non-negative matrix factorization (BNMF) method to improve the current clustering results in the collaborative filtering area. We also provide an original pre-clustering algorithm adapted to the proposed probabilistic method. Results obtained using several open data sets show: 1) a conclusive clustering quality improvement when BNMF is used, compared with the classical matrix factorization or to the improved KMeans results; 2) a higher predictions accuracy using matrix factorization-based methods than using improved KMeans; and 3) better BNMF execution times compared with those of the classic matrix factorization, and an additional improvement when using the proposed pre-clustering algorithm.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3549-3564
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Access
StatePublished - 28 Dec 2017


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