The present work shows the theoretical foundation of a residential electrical installation such as concepts, symbology, regulations and basic information that must know the current professional electrical technician to carry out any type of residential electrical installation in ECUADOR. It also shows the problems that have arisen over the years due to deteriorated infrastructure or lack of an adequate design. Providing electricity to different cities regardless of distance, social position or economic development, is no longer a problem for the entities responsible for providing electricity to different parts of the country, for example: Empresa Eléctrica Quito, Empresa Eléctrica Pública de Guayaquil, Empresa Eléctrica Regional Centro Sur, among others, currently have the necessary infrastructure to bring electricity to any type of residence in our country. This advance of supply of electrical energy to the different cities no longer has generated inconveniences or discomfort to the citizenship, for example it is possible to be mentioned the cuts of electrical supply between the years 1992 and 1996, another discomfort that was generated in these years was the selectivity of the public companies in charge of the supply of this resource, that is to say only a group of citizens with high economic power could count on electrical energy; also the state did not count on public policies capable of realizing investments, studies on the generation of electrical energy and new sources of energy (thermal and wind). The problems that arose in previous years have been rectified thanks to the implementation of public policies that have driven new projects in the electricity sector, but this development has brought new problems to society that can be part of new research topics that solved can come to provide an improvement in the quality of life of the population. This is because there is no type of controlling entity that supervises the construction of residential electrical installations, but regardless of whether or not there is a controlling entity, state authorities, employers, engineers and workers need to be trained in both knowledge and professional ethics. These measures are not yet correctly applied in the electrical sector. Therefore, this problem is not only of the authorities but also of employers who hire unqualified professionals "artisans" due to the economic factor, it should be noted that the remuneration that an electrical engineer receives for his work can reach an exorbitant cost to the current economy of families, this is the reason why the employer goes to unqualified artisans who lack knowledge of the subject, to mitigate this problem is necessary the support of the state through the creation of programs of economic aid through credits, this way the employer will choose to hire an Electrical Engineer who has its head staff ensuring this way: safety and reliability of electrical installations, thus avoiding the risks caused by short circuits.
|Translated title of the contribution||Professional Ethics Applied In Residential Electrical Design|
|Original language||Spanish (Ecuador)|
|Journal||Observatorio De La Economía Latinoamericana|
|State||Published - 27 Sep 2018|