This paper outlines the development of models of a solar field designed to provide thermal energy to a Multi-Effect Desalination (MED) plant. The dynamic model can be used both for simulation and control purposes. Some of these models have been developed based on static and dynamic energy and mass balances, and some others are based on step response methods (experimental tests). The solar field comprises a flat-plate collector field, an air cooler, a heat exchanger and the corresponding pipelines and interconnections. The main purpose of the solar field is to feed the MED unit with hot water within a specific temperature range using two thermal storage tanks as input buffers to the MED system. The main achievement of this paper is that the developed model provides an adequate tradeoff between complexity and performance.
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© 2018 Elsevier Ltd
- Dynamic simulation
- Solar desalination process
- Solar energy