This study presents the results obtained by the Salesian Polytechnic University (UPS-Ecuador) in the final stage of the process of construction and validation of its own instrument for the evaluation of interests and professional preferences. The purpose of this initiative is to improve the degree of compatibility between the vocational-professional profile of the students and the chosen career, in order to reduce student dropout rates. The research carried out takes Krumboltz's theory of Social Learning for Decision Making (1993) as a conceptual reference, which proposes that learning and the availability of information can improve the individual's capacity for career selection, favoring his or her academic results. In the first place, the psychometric quality of the quasi-definitive version of the Questionnaire of Professional Interests (CIPRO) generated by the UPS is evaluated, for which Confirmatory Factorial Analysis (CFA) was used. The reliability test was performed using the Cronbach Alpha coefficient. In all cases, statistically satisfactory results were obtained. Secondly, the possible association between the choice of a career compatible with professional preferences and subsequent academic performance is analyzed. To obtain empirical data, the study participants were UPS students who completed CIPRO during the institutional admissions process for the academic period 2017 - 2017. The relationship between compatibility of professional preferences and academic performance was contrasted through analysis of variance (ANOVA). For this purpose, data from the CIPRO application were used and the study participants were divided into two groups, compatible and non-compatible with the chosen career, according to their professional interests; the average grades were then compared between groups once they had completed their first level of studies. Empirical findings show that compatibility of interests has a modest effect on academic performance at the early levels of study, but this effect tends to intensify in the case of the social sciences and humanities. Finally, it reflects on the role of professional interests in academic performance, as well as the need to include complementary predictors and carry out this analysis at different moments or levels of students' professional training.
|Translated title of the contribution||Measurement of Professional Interests in College Students And An Exploratory Approach To Their Relationship To Academic Performance.|
|Original language||Spanish (Ecuador)|
|Title of host publication||Medición De Intereses Profesionales En Estudiantes Universitarios Y Un Abordaje Exploratorio De Su Relación Con El Desempeño Académico.|
|Publisher||Universidad De Panamá|
|State||Published - 30 Aug 2018|