Ishpink, ocotea quixos (LAM.) kosterm. history, traditional uses, chemical, pharmacological properties and the economic potential of its essentials oils present within this amazonian species

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Abstract

© 2016 by Nova Science Publishers, Inc. The Ishpink tree, otherwise referred to as amazon cinnamon, Ocotea quixos, is a plant species that is part of the Lauraceae family. Ishpink is a tree, which is endemic to the Amazonian regions of Ecuador, Colombia and Peru. During the Spanish conquest, rumors of a legendary place full of gold and spices made the conquistadors venture into the impenetrable Amazonian forest. Due to the plant’s described properties, it is extremely likely this was the species of legend. Ishpink is an extremely aromatic plant species. Essential oil can be extracted from the bark, calyx and leaves. Various studies show chemical diversity within the oils, depending on which part it has been extracted from. Through these recent scientific studies, the plant’s pharmacological properties are becoming appreciated. Ecuadorian culinary practices utilize the plant’s calyx as an ingredient in the preparation in one of the country’s most iconic drinks “colada morada”. This is a beverage saved for celebration during the day of the dead. Recently, Ecuadorian community organizations such as Fundación Chankuap Recursos para el Futuro, have created small centres for the extraction and processing of Ishpink’s essential oils. This approach is utilizing the plant’s unique properties, translating them into a direct economic benefit for the local community. The following research analyzes botanical, biological and chemical properties, historical and traditional uses, and potential economic and environmental benefits to the local communities through its sustainable exploitation.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEssential Oils: Historical Significance, Chemical Composition and Medicinal Uses and Benefits
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781634843676, 9781634843515
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2016

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