Intelligent Environment to Support Fine Motor Learning in Children with and Without Motor Disorder

Luis Serpa-Andrade, Isaac Ojeda-Zamalloa, Angel Perez-Muñoz, Vladimir Robles-Bykbaev, Adriana Leon-Pesantez

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Fine motor skills are one of the important skills in the development and preparation of children before writing since it is an activity that consists of precision and a high level of coordination based on tasks where the eye, hands and fingers are used. simultaneously. performing actions such as grip, precision and blows. A tool (board) is proposed to support the performance of fine motor activities in children with motor disorders. The tool seeks to meet the requirements set through interviews with experts and surveys conducted with teachers and children, as well as provide certain requests for communication and data collection that allow their analysis. A planned board of five activities called tweezers, precision and three types of stroke is designed, built and implemented, each of these seeks to help children to have better eye-hand coordination, as well as better coordination in fine and precise movements. Participants have a close familiarity with the tool, which allows them to gather information about their perception of both the design it offers and its use. The board is of interest to both experts and children as it allows versatility when interacting with the activities, giving the option of combining striking elements or figures for the users by adding the different visual and auditory stimuli that appear in the tool once finished. any of the activities. There is the possibility of proposing in the future an intelligent system based on neural networks, capable of taking the data and proposing the activities and the number of times they should be carried out to optimize the sessions given by the professionals, making them more efficient and effective, undoubtedly improving the fine motor skills of children who have had access to the tool.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Industrial Design - Proceedings of the AHFE 2021 Virtual Conferences on Design for Inclusion, Affective and Pleasurable Design, Interdisciplinary Practice in Industrial Design, Kansei Engineering, and Human Factors for Apparel and Textile Engineering, 2021
EditorsCliff Sungsoo Shin, Giuseppe Di Bucchianico, Shuichi Fukuda, Yong-Gyun Ghim, Gianni Montagna, Cristina Carvalho
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Pages332-337
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9783030808280
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
EventAHFE International Conferences on Design for Inclusion, Interdisciplinary Practice in Industrial Design, Affective and Pleasurable Design, Kansei Engineering, and Human Factors for Apparel and Textile Engineering, 2021 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 25 Jul 202129 Jul 2021

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Networks and Systems
Volume260
ISSN (Print)2367-3370
ISSN (Electronic)2367-3389

Conference

ConferenceAHFE International Conferences on Design for Inclusion, Interdisciplinary Practice in Industrial Design, Affective and Pleasurable Design, Kansei Engineering, and Human Factors for Apparel and Textile Engineering, 2021
CityVirtual, Online
Period25/07/2129/07/21

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Fig. 3. The functional system through stimulation, functioning, and feedback 4 Experimentation and Preliminary Results For the analysis of the characteristics of fine motor skills, we start from a survey applied to 34 education teachers who work with children with and without motor problems. The survey addresses questions from the point of view of educational psychology. Aspects of the directionality of the line, graph-motor-three-digit grip, motivation, interest in learning were investigated; aspects that could be developed with the use of prototypes. The teachers’ perception of the benefit in the wrist extension posture with the use of the pencil is at a very high level 77% since most of them “totally agree” and “agree”. Stability of wrist extension is the ability to secure the wrist in extension when the fingers move. The pencil with the three-digit design of the device favors the grip, since it allows a good positioning of the thumb, making the bow in the hand and helping the fingers to work freely for the graphomotor process. The teachers’ perception of the development of eye-hand coordination with the use of the fine motor skills board is at a very high level since 85.3% “totally agree”. The eyes must work in a coordinated way to quickly locate and follow nearby objects and guide the hand and have good eye control, in addition to having automatic awareness of when and how the hands are moving in space. The graphomotor board has adequate tactile discrimination and control of the hand force, which will allow it to be manipulated conveniently when carrying out its different activities since it has various sizes, shapes, and textures. The majority of teachers 80% consider that in the activities proposed in the fine motor board, they favor the use of the digital muscles involved in the clamp at a high level. This result is because children with motor difficulties would need attachments in which the digital muscles such as the thumb and index finger intervene with greater efficiency and precision when performing the clamp. A large percentage of teachers 65% fully agree with the statement that the proposed activities favor dissociation of the wrist joint. In conclusion, the use of the fine motor board greatly improves motor coordination, response agility, posture, hand movement to perform fine motor tasks. Acknowledgments. To the Corporación Ecuatoriana para el Desarrollo de la Investigación y Academia, CEDIA, for the funding provided to research, development and innovation, through CEPRA projects, especially the CEPRA - XIII - 2019 project; “IA Transtornos Motores (Entorno inteligente interactivo baso en aprendizaje de maquina y sistemas embebidos para el soporte en los procesos de seguimiento y aprendizaje de niños con trastornos motores)”.

Funding Information:
To the Corporaci?n Ecuatoriana para el Desarrollo de la Investigaci?n y Academia, CEDIA, for the funding provided to research, development and innovation, through CEPRA projects, especially the CEPRA-XIII-2019 project; ?IA Transtornos Motores (Entorno inteligente interactivo baso en aprendizaje de maquina y sistemas embebidos para el soporte en los procesos de seguimiento y aprendizaje de ni?os con trastornos motores)?.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

Keywords

  • Fine motor
  • Intelligent environment
  • Motor disorder

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