Impacto psicológico del confinamiento por covid-19 hacia un nuevo constructo clinimétrico ansioso-depresivo en mujeres adultas de azogues

Translated title of the contribution: Psychological impact of covid-19 confinement towards a new anxiety-depressive clinimetric construct in adult women of azogues

Andrés Alexis Ramírez-Coronel, Paola Fernanda Cárdenas-Castillo, Pedro Carlos Martínez-Suárez, Xavier Rodrigo Yambay-Bautista, Isabel Cristina Mesa-Cano, Rosa Elvira Minchala-Urgilés, Marina Cecilia Andrade-Molina, Mercedes Magdalena Sarmiento-Pesántez, Fanny Mercedes González-León, Gloria Luzmila Pogyo-Morocho, Adrián Javier Cárdenas-Cordero, Nancy Beatriz Cordero-Zumba, Marcia Verónica Pogyo-Morocho, Pedro Fernando Faicán-Rocano, Fernando Emanuel Arcos-Coronel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The main objective was to psychometrically establish the nature of the construct underlying the symptoms of anxiety and depression associated with isolation by COVID-19 in adult women of Azogues. A quantitative, non-experimental, prospective and descriptive-correlational study was carried out with a correlational, comparative and predictive cross-sectional design. A simple random sampling was carried out. The sample consisted of 381 adult women (18 to 65 years old) from the city of Azogues, Ecuador. A sociodemographic survey was administered, as well as the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the State-Trait Depression Inventory (IDER). A descriptive analysis was performed by means of (percentages, frequencies, central tendency measures), a normality test by means of Shapiro Wilk (W), correlation analysis (r Pearson), mean difference analysis (Student t test for independent samples) and finally a multiple linear regression. The first model for predicting anxiety and depression was statistically significant for age (f= 12.66; p= .0001). Anxiety was not a statistically significant predictor for age (β=-0.04; p= .562). While depression was a statistically significant inverse or negative predictor of age (β=-0.27; p= .002). and for the second model of prediction of anxiety and depression was statistically significant for the days of quarantine (f= 4.61; p= .0001). Anxiety was a negative predictor of quarantine days (β=-0.16; p= .002) and depression a positive predictor of quarantine days (β= 0.25; p= .001).

Translated title of the contributionPsychological impact of covid-19 confinement towards a new anxiety-depressive clinimetric construct in adult women of azogues
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)923-934
Number of pages12
JournalArchivos Venezolanos de Farmacologia y Terapeutica
Volume39
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
A la Carrera de Enfermer?a de la sede de Azogues, al Labo-ratorio de Psicometr?a del Centro de Investigaci?n, Innova-ci?n y Transferencia de Tecnolog?a (CIITT) y a la Maestr?a en Gesti?n del Cuidado de la Universidad Cat?lica de Cuenca.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, Venezuelan Society of Pharmacology and Clinical and Therapeutic Pharmacology. All rights reserved.

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