How to Save Endangered Magnolias From Population Biology to Conservation Action: The Case Of Allopatric Radiation in Western Mexico

José Antonio Vázquez García, Miguel Ángel Muñiz Castro, Alex Dahua Manchoa, Edison Antonio Osorio Muñoz, Gerardo Hernández Vera, Alondra Saloné Ortega Peña, Alondra Saloné Ortega Peña, Rosa De Lourdes Romo Campos, César Jacobo Pereira, Noelia Álvarez De Román, Viacheslav Shalisko

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Numerous Neotropical Magnolia species are endangered and red-listed by the IUCN. Here we highlight major results from over a decade of research on endangered magnolias in western Mexico. Particularly, we compare three species of Magnolia (M. pugana, M. pacifica and M. vallartensis) along a large-scale continentality and moisture gradients, in terms of a) their morphological adaptations, b) genetic structure, diversity, and differentiation, c) reproductive phenology, and d) floral scents and their floral visitors. Fieldwork along this gradient unveiled two new species of Magnolia sect. Magnolia; M. granbarrancae and M. talpana. We found that most continental populations have a higher extinction risk than those with greater maritime influence, due to their lower genetic diversity, and greater fragmentation, isolation, and water stress. Also, these populations are more vulnerable to the environmental conditions predicted with the global warming climate scenarios. We share fieldwork experience and advise on pre-germination treatments and seed dormancy. We propose an ex-situ and in-situ conservation strategy, identify new challenges, and suggest future directions of collaborative work as a global Magnolia conservation consortium.
Translated title of the contributionCómo salvar magnolias en peligro de extinción desde la biología de poblaciones hasta la acción de conservación: el caso de la radiación alopátrica en el occidente de México
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEndangered Plants
ISBN (Print)978-1-83962-893-1
StatePublished - 6 Mar 2021


  • Allopatric radiation
  • Conservation
  • Floral scents
  • Genetic diversity and differentiation
  • New species
  • Pre-germination treatments
  • Species distribution modeling

CACES Knowledge Areas

  • 8515A Biodiversity


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