On 15 January 2007, Rafael Correa, having been sworn in as 56th President of Ecuador, immediately convened, by referendum, a National Constituent Assembly to draft a new constitution. One of the concerns of the assembly was to translate into law a proposal for food sovereignty presented by the social movements. In the process of becoming law, the proposal for food sovereignty was greatly changed. How is it possible that the final version, the law, so far has not lived up to the original proposal of the food sovereignty movement? Addressing this issue implies a reflection on the role of the State. We argued that (a) instead of strengthening the role of peasants, their participation was reduced to a bureaucratic structure (a "council") that lacked the capacity to define or implement policies, and (b) the issue of the social function of land and agrarian reform was eliminated. Therefore, I conclude that the social movements' proposal for food sovereignty was stripped of its essentials.