The article studies the dialectic as a path of inquiry of plurinationality and its counterpart the old Ecuadorian monoethnic nation-state. It inquires: 1) what is the ontological foundation of plurinationality? and 2) why does plurinationality as a socio-political approach deny the homogeneity of the liberal nation-state and its correlate external-internal colonialism? It is proposed that the ontological foundation of plurinationality is found in the communitarian society (or social being) and that in its socio-political praxis it denies the fetishization of the liberal nation-state, determined as an instrument of external-internal colonialism of society. The research conceives and applies the dialectical analysis of the concrete reality and the law of universal contradiction, as inherent of the social being and of the thought that reflects such reality. The study concludes that: 1) dialectics comprises the category of totality and is useful for the analysis and explanation of society as a whole, from the parts to the whole and from the whole to the parts, in universal mutual interrelation; 2) communitarian society is an ontological objectification of plurinationality and is manifested in the ethnic-cultural diversity of Ecuador, with distinct historical temporalities, and in opposition to the colonial and republican economic-social formation; and 3) the fetishization of the liberal nation-state as an instrument of external and internal colonialism of Ecuadorian society is still in force and continues to fulfill the same function through the processing of the coloniality of power, the ontological invisibilization of the other (alter) and racist colonial differentiation.
|Translated title of the contribution||Dialectic of Plurinationality as a Critique of the Liberal Nation-State|
|Original language||Spanish (Ecuador)|
|Number of pages||34|
|Journal||Sophía: Colección de Filosofía de la Educación|
|State||Published - 15 Jul 2018|
CACES Knowledge Areas
- 413A Social and Cultural Studies