Deep Ensemble-Based Classifier for Transfer Learning in Rotating Machinery Fault Diagnosis

Fannia Pacheco, Alin Drimus, Lars Duggen, Mariela Cerrada, DIego Cabrera, Rene Vinicio Sanchez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Nowadays, intelligent models can correctly detect faults by analysing signals from rotating machinery. However, most of the studies are run in controlled environments and the performance in industrial real-world environments is not yet fully validated. Hence, a suitable tool to implement fault diagnosers is transfer learning, this topic is under development and challenges persist. This paper proposes a framework for creating accurate 1D-CNN based fault classifiers that can be transferred between different rotating machines and working conditions. Multiple Bayesian processes select architecture parameters and hyperparameters, which minimize a loss function related to their transferability to other machines and to the same machine under different operating conditions (such as load and engine speed). The resulting model is fitted to heterogeneous fault diagnosis data resulting in a 1D-CNN ensemble that improves the performance of the unitary model. Subsequently, the transfer learning capability of the ensemble is analyzed on two source data sets using function and parameter based transfer. The results are compared with classical fault diagnosis classifiers. Finally, additional transfer operations on five target domain datasets validate our framework on limited labeled samples and allow interpretation of the ensemble results. The ultimate goal is to find an ensemble that can generalize fault diagnosis on rotating machinery for easy implementation and update in industrial settings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29778-29787
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Access
StatePublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2013 IEEE.


  • deep learning
  • Fault diagnosis
  • rotating machinery
  • transfer learning
  • vibration signal


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