Construcción de un Cuestionario de Rasgos de Personalidad con Fines de Orientación Profesional para el Programa de Admisiones de la Universidad Politécnica Salesiana - Ecuador

Translated title of the contribution: Construction of a Personality Traits Questionnaire for Professional Guidance Purposes for the Admissions Program of the Salesian Polytechnic University - Ecuador

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to report the main results of the development and validation process of a personality traits questionnaire designed to contribute with relevant information to the analysis of compatibility between the careers offered by the Salesian Polytechnic University (UPS) and the professional-vocational profile of university applicants. Considering that professional orientation is based on the determination of models of desirable traits and profiles, the identification of those personality traits most suitable for studying a specific career can constitute a decisive complementary factor for vocational evaluation, allowing for a more effective professional orientation. The present study takes as a reference Allport's (1970) trait theory, which assumes personality as the integration of all the traits and characteristics of the individual that determine a way of behaving. The study involved the participation of 875 university applicants to the careers offered by UPS in the 2017 - 2017 academic period. The Personality Traits Questionnaire (CUPER - UPS) applied to the participants of the study has scales that allow evaluating the following characteristics: Leadership, Responsibility, Self-Control, Sociability, Sensitivity, Resourcefulness, Invention, Interpersonal Confidence, Vigor, and Psychic Maladjustments. Given the complexity of the personality traits to be measured, we proceeded to use Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) in order to identify the possible dimensions that make up each scale. Once the predominant dimensions per scale were defined, those items with deficient factor loadings were eliminated. The reliability analysis of the CUPER scales was performed using Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Concurrent validity was evaluated by comparing the results of the CUPER with the measurements obtained by an already standardized instrument, in this case the Gordon Personality Inventory Profile (P-IPG). In all cases, statistically satisfactory results were obtained. This first stage of validation of the CUPERUPS allows us to advance towards the integration of personality traits in more consistent models of professional orientation, making it possible to increase the percentages of vocational-professional vocational-professional affinity in the selection of careers and, consequently, to improve the academic academic terminal efficiency in the medium and long term.
Translated title of the contributionConstruction of a Personality Traits Questionnaire for Professional Guidance Purposes for the Admissions Program of the Salesian Polytechnic University - Ecuador
Original languageSpanish (Ecuador)
StatePublished - 15 Nov 2017
Event7ma Conferencia Latinoamericana sobre el Abandono de la Educación Superior, VII-CLABES 2017 - AR
Duration: 15 Nov 201717 Nov 2017
https://www.unc.edu.ar/agenda/vii-conferencia-latinoamericana-sobre-el-abandono-en-la-educación-superior-vii-clabes

Conference

Conference7ma Conferencia Latinoamericana sobre el Abandono de la Educación Superior, VII-CLABES 2017
Period15/11/1717/11/17
Internet address

Keywords

  • Personality traits
  • Career orientation
  • Vocational affinity
  • University dropout
  • Terminal efficiency

CACES Knowledge Areas

  • 111A Education

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