Characterization of Load Centers for Electric Vehicles Based on Simulation of Urban Vehicular Traffic Using Geo-Referenced Environments

Jefferson Morán, Esteban Inga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The current desire for people to reduce the environmental impact of their current lifestyle, as well as the variation in the prices of fossil fuels, has materialized in a rising trend for electric vehicles (EV). These vehicles are increasingly making inroads in the automotive market and positively contributing to reducing environmental pollution by greenhouse gas emissions; therefore, they improve energy efficiency. For the success of this innovation, it is necessary to correctly identify the effective places where the charging centers for electric vehicles (CCEV) will be placed, which will contribute significantly to its development, allowing us to guarantee the autonomy of electric vehicles with a charging supply. Thus, the present work proposes a vehicle traffic simulation process using the “SUMO” simulator interface. The study’s objective is to locate sites for electric vehicle charging centers or stations, taking as the primary variable the vehicular traffic that has a strong relationship with this type of research. Consequently, the study evaluates the existing resources in geo-referenced scenarios and has analyzed the vehicular flow considering the distances of the routes. As follows, the simulation becomes a tool to recommend the location and quantity of CCEV, guaranteeing users a nearby place where they can charge their vehicle and thus achieve adequate autonomy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3669
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by Universidad Polit?cnica Salesiana and GIREI?Smart Grid Research Group under the project Charging of electric vehicles in buildings and its impact on the sizing and planning of electrical distribution networks.

Funding Information:
Funding: This work was supported by Universidad Politécnica Salesiana and GIREI—Smart Grid Research Group under the project Charging of electric vehicles in buildings and its impact on the sizing and planning of electrical distribution networks.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Keywords

  • electric vehicle charging stations
  • SUMO
  • traffic control
  • urban mobility

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