The technical factors are important when establishing a data transport route. This work analyzes and determines those technical factors that condition the implementation of a backhaul transport network in wireless ISP in a 5GHz band that is not licensed. The problem of limited coverage is analyzed, for Internet access, in the Los Tubos population sector, peripheral area of the Durán canton, in Ecuador; in addition, social factors that affect the study are taken into consideration. Based on this background, an analytical-descriptive study is carried out through the gathering of information in situ, which includes the execution of measurements based on technical standards for the environment, the application of a directed survey, to the inhabitants of the Los Tubos sector, to determine the incident social factors, in addition the technique of in-depth interviews with representatives of Internet provider companies operating in the Durán canton is used, to establish the feasibility of the proposal. The results obtained from this work demonstrate that the IEEE Wireless N / AC standards can be applied for the implementation of this type of backhaul transport network, and it is considered that they allow to achieve greater coverage and efficiency in the provision of the service to the inhabitants of the sector.