Analysis of contamination level of gases generated during the surface cleaning process of metal sheets with low-pressure cold plasma

L. M. López, J. I. Fajardo, E. J. Carrasquero, I. J. Villavicencio, C. P. López

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

The research addresses an analysis of the level of contamination generated by the gases produced when applying low-pressure cold plasma in a cleaning process of metal sheets used in the manufacture of white goods. A mixture of argon and oxygen ionized gases at 50% was utilized to break down the lubricating oil molecules deposited on the surface of the sheet metal. A statistically significant number of samples were selected, with different volumes of oil on the surface, between 6 ml and 34 ml. The samples were later subjected to a plasma discharge with a time of 72 s, a gas pressure of 0.6 bar and 50% power to determine the correlation of the oil volume with the levels of gases generated by the discharge, maintaining the degree of surface cleanliness, as given by contact angle values between 67.5 and 79 degrees, constant. For the analysis of results a Pearson correlation was applied for each detected gas. An analysis was later conducted of the relationship between the degree of cleanliness of the metallic surface, as given by contact angles at 16, 36 and 53 degrees, with the levels of the gases generated by the plasma discharge, keeping the volume of the lubricating oil on the surface constant at 5 ml. For the analyses, statistical tests were carried out to find the correlation between the predictor variables and the dependent variable to establish a multivariate linear statistical model. The results allowed the behavior of the level of contamination to be determined, establishing that the volume of oil does not influence the level of the gases generated by the use of low-pressure cold plasma. The results obtained allow us to understand the relationship between the contact angle that represents the quality of surface cleaning of oil-impregnated sheet metal and the level of contamination generated in the process.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012025
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume1386
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 29 Nov 2019
Event5th International Meeting for Researchers in Materials and Plasma Technology, IMRMPT 2019 - San Jose de Cucuta, Colombia
Duration: 28 May 201931 May 2019

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