An approach to vulnerabilities, threats and risk in voting systems for popular elections in Latin America

Segundo Moisés Toapanta Toapanta, Iván Fernando Marriott Saá, Félix Gustavo Mendoza Quimi, Luis Enrique Mafla Gallegos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The problems in information security regarding vulnerabilities, threats and risks in voting systems for popular election in Latin America and the world persist; because in most of the countries of the world there is no maturity in democracy and defined policies; the problems of confidentiality, integrity and authenticity in the electoral processes can be evidenced. The objective is to perform the analysis to identify the threats, risks and weaknesses in electoral systems in Latin American countries and determine which of the systems used by different countries may be appropriate, to be considered as an alternative. The deductive method and exploratory research has been used to perform the analysis of the articles and information regarding electoral processes. It resulted in a description in statistical tables of the threats and weaknesses that must be examined to implement a system for electoral voting; considering the culture, technological availability and social conditions of each country. It was concluded that to mitigate the potential risks of the information, it is necessary to identify the weaknesses in the electronic voting system to improve the integrity and security of the electoral process; made in the last three presidential elections in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-116
Number of pages11
JournalAdvances in Science, Technology and Engineering Systems
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • E-Voting
  • Elections
  • Latin America
  • Voting


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