General objective Evaluate the quantitative and qualitative differences present in various essential oils from various crosses of Rosa sp. Justification The export of raw materials in Ecuador has advantages due to its diversity of climate and soil caused by the location in which it is located. The main export products of our country are: bananas, cocoa, coffee, shrimp, tuna, and roses (Vásquez, 2017). Currently, the production of roses in Ecuador is positioned as one of the main export items in Ecuador, being the location and the privileged climate (micro climates) that allow obtaining roses with large buttons and long stems with a much higher quality. to those produced in other countries, thus giving a higher value to Ecuadorian roses in Russia and the United States, making Ecuador third in the world in flower exports (Murillo, 2014) Among the provinces with the highest predominance in productive growth of flowers They are Pichincha, Cotopaxi and Azuay and, in general, those who concentrate on production are the provinces of the sierra (Cabrera, 2011), due to sufficient light and fertile soil; which are very important factors for their growth and development (Clerque, 2016). “In effect, the comparative advantages in relation to this product refer to privileged natural conditions, since the country, being in the equatorial zone, enjoys 12 hours of light throughout the year; valleys with adequate temperature throughout the entire Cordillera de los Andes; fresh water from melting ice and springs; and, abundant and particularly cheap labor. All this means that the cultivation of a hectare of roses in Ecuador has a cost equivalent to half of what it would cost in Israel and a quarter of what it would cost in the Netherlands” (Naranjo & Burgos, 2010). For this reason, it is desired to carry out a study of the qualitative and quantitative chemical diversity of essential oils from different Rosa sp. rose crosses, and to be able to expand our export products, taking into account that in this process the conditions for growing They will be different, being less harmful to the environment and human health, reducing the use of pesticides and fertilizers, since they will work from a less aesthetic approach, in terms of the appearance of the roses and more in the performance of their essential oils. In addition, it should be noted that imports of essential oils from the United States have been increasing according to the average annual growth rate (TCPA), from 440 million dollars in 2006 to 570 million in 2010, this being an important market for export. The main suppliers of essential oils within the period 2006-2010 were: India with 14.06%, France with 6.35%, China 3.13%, Brazil 1.38%, Mexico 3.91% and Argentina, which had a negative TCPA of 0.93%. Colombia and Guatemala (PROECUADOR, 2011).
|Effective start/end date||28/02/18 → 28/02/18|
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